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Glossary of Terms

Glossary of Terms

Whole Vehicle Type Approval EU Directive 2007/46EEC

Please note:- WVTA legislation only applies to “new” unregistered vehicles. If the vehicle is pre-registered by the dealer or customer we can carry out any modification and the following legislation does not comply.

EC Whole Vehicle Type Approval is a way of making sure vehicles are safe to use on the road and respect environmental considerations, without having to inspect and test every single one.
Under the EC Whole Vehicle Type Approval system, a prototype is tested. If it passes the tests and the production arrangements also pass inspection, then vehicles or components of the same type are approved for production and sale within Europe, without further testing.
Type Approval - Glossary of Terms
The purpose of this page is to explain some of the terminology in common usage around the subject of vehicle type approval:

EC Type Approval
Means the procedure whereby an authority of an EU member state certifies that a type of vehicle, system, component or separate technical unit satisfies relevant technical requirements and administrative provisions listed in the Directive.

National Type Approval
Means a Type Approval procedure laid down by the national law of an EU member state, which is restricted to that particular country.
Vehicle Category
Refers to the different forms of vehicles affected by the ECWVTA Directive. These are passenger vehicles (M), goods vehicles (N) and trailers (O), and their sub-divisions.

Means vehicles of a particular category, which do not differ in certain essential respects set out in Annex II of the framework Directive 2007/46/EC, as amended.

New Type

When looking at application dates within the legislation there will be a reference to 'New Types'.After this date, vehicles of a 'New Type' will be required to meet the legislation in question.A 'New Type' is a vehicle that differs in certain essential respects to a type previously approved or on sale in any market.

Existing Type
As above.An 'Existing Type' is a vehicle of a type already in existence (whether approved or not).

Complete Vehicle
Means any vehicle which has been built in one stage by one manufacturer, for example a panel van.

Incomplete Vehicle

Is a vehicle that must undergo at least one further stage of build in order to be considered a finished vehicle, ready for use.For example, a chassis cab is an incomplete vehicle since a body must be added for it to be finished.

Completed Vehicle
Is a vehicle that has been built and finished in more than one stage, normally by two or more different manufacturers. For example, a tipper vehicle where a company has added the additional components (i.e. the tipper body itself) to a cab chassis and the vehicle requires no further work before it can be considered finished.

Multi-Stage Type Approval
The procedure whereby one or more EU member states certify that, depending on the state of completion, an incomplete or completed type of vehicle satisfies the relevant administrative provisions and technical requirements of the Directive.

Special-purpose Vehicle
Means a vehicle intended to perform a function which requires special body arrangements and/or equipment, such as a recovery vehicle, and ambulance or a wheelchair accessible vehicle (WAV).

Conformity of Production Certificate (COP)
Means a document issued to a manufacturer after an assessment, carried out by the approval body, of production processes and systems to certify that they conform to the required quality specification.

Certificate of Conformity or CoC

Means a document which is issued by a manufacturer, certifying that a vehicle has been produced under the same production processes and systems as an example of the type which has achieved Type Approval.
N1 vehicles – commercial vehicles up to 3.5t
N2 vehicles – commercial vehicles 3.5t-12t
“Complete” Vehicle Enhancement Schem
A scheme used for relatively minor modifications to N1 and N2 vehicles to ensure:-
a)Minimal disruption for enterprises which modify vehicles.
b)Continued assurance of vehicle compliance with UK IVA requirements.
For a company to be able use the VES they must have COP.

EMC Regulations
Our equipment cannot be operated whilst the vehicle is driving. Therefore there is no requirement for our equipment to meet the required regulations. However, our suppliers provide us with evidence that our power packs and winch motors comply with:-
N1 – 95/54/EC AND N2 – 2006/28/EC

Commercial Vehicle Payload
Payload capacity is the amount of cargo a completed vehicle can carry. Payload restrictions are one of the reasons that it is not possible to install any crane on any commercial vehicle.

Further consideration should be given to axle weights. Any load must be distributed correctly to ensure that individual axles are not overloaded.

Refer to the Association of Lorry Loader manufacturers and Importers Guidance for Lorry Loader Installers and Operators for more information about commercial vehicle payload and what considerations need to be made when specifying vehicle mounted lifting equipment.

Bridge Bashing Regulations
From the 1st of October 1997 all relevant vehicles over 3 metres in height must have a notice in the vehicle cab indicating the vehicles normal travelling height.

From the 1st of April 1998, all relevant vehicles put on the road for the first time must be fitted with devices to warn the driver that the travelling height stated on the notice in the cab has been exceeded.

From the 1st of October 1998 all relevant vehicles first put on the road after 1st April 1993 must be retro-fitted with devices to warn the driver that the travelling height stated on the notice in the cab, has been exceeded

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